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The construction of a house has various stages. However, the major two are the base and the exterior. The base supports the weight, gives strength to the structure and provide spaces for the plumbing, electrics and even the insulation. However, the exterior covers all the oddities and give the structure a seamless look.

The same goes for roofs. The main structure is created with wooden tabs, and then a cardboard panel is laid on top to support the shingles, metallic plates, graphite slabs or even wooden shakes to protect the inner structure. The following are the names of the exterior housing components and their benefits.


As the name suggests, siding or wall cladding is an exterior protective attachment installed on the walls of a residence or a comical building. When sealed together with the roofing components, it prevents the interior structure from damaging. The material used for siding withstands the harshness of weather, heat, moisture, hail and even snow. While it takes so much on itself, the interior of the house remains cozy, and you live peacefully for long. There are different natural and artificial materials used as siding depending upon the user preference. Different style choices can be used to enhance the overall appeal of the property as well.

The rest below is the roofing components, and they typically prevent the water spillage from getting into the wooden structures and damaging it.


The shingle serves similarly to the siding, but the only difference is that they are applied on the roof. Much like siding, the shingles are also available in different materials and colors to prevent water seepage yet presenting an attractive appeal. The most common and easily maintained ones are the asphalt shingles, if want a more durable solution, you could have metallic plating and graphite slabs as well. The choice of the shingles also depends upon the roofing type. For instance, rubber roofing might work best with flat roofs, and wood shakes work best with barn style roofs.


Also called as rain gutters and surface water collection channel, eavestrough is used to direct rainwater into the drains. It controls the flow of water without damaging the fascia board and into the drains. It may be in the following three forms.

  • Roof integral trough along the lower fringe of the roof slope which is fashioned from the roof covering and flashing materials.
  • Discrete trough of metal, or other material that’s suspended beyond the roof edge and below the projected slope of the roof.
  • Wall integral structure beneath the roof edge, traditionally constructed of masonry, fashioned because of the crowning element of a wall.


The fascia board is the long straight board that runs along the edge of the roof and attached at the lower end of the roof as well. The fascia board allows the installation plane for gutter and also prevent any unwanted rainwater spillage to damage the roofing structure. It also prevents water from seeping into the window borders.